اثرات آبیاری طولانی‌مدت با پساب تصفیه‌خانه پرکندآباد بر برخی خصوصیات شیمیایی و زیستی خاک

نوع مقاله: مقاله پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 دانشجوی کارشناسی ارشد، گروه علوم خاک، دانشکده کشاورزی، دانشگاه فردوسی مشهد، مشهد، ایران

2 دانشیار، گروه علوم خاک، دانشکده کشاورزی، دانشگاه فردوسی مشهد، مشهد، ایران

3 استاد، گروه علوم خاک، دانشکده کشاورزی، دانشگاه فردوسی مشهد، مشهد، ایران

چکیده

استفاده مجدد از فاضلاب تصفیه ‌شده در آبیاری محصولات کشاورزی یکی از روش­های مدیریتی برای مقابله با کمبود آب در مناطق خشک و نیمه‌خشک است. هدف از این مطالعه بررسی اثرات 10 ساله آبیاری با پساب بر ویژگی‌های شیمیایی و زیستی خاک در مکان‌های مختلف حاشیه رودخانه کشف­رود مشهد بود. نمونه‌برداری از 8 نقطه با 3 تکرار در فواصل یک کیلومتری حاشیه اراضی رودخانه صورت گرفت، نمونه شاهد آبیاری شده با آب زیرزمینی و مدیریت کشت مشابه نیز انتخاب شد. نتایج نشان داد آبیاری با پساب سبب افزایش pH و شوری نسبت به شاهد به ترتیب به میزان 4 و 18 درصد شد. هم­چنین پساب سبب افزایش غلظت عناصر سنگین Zn، Fe، Pb شد، اما این افزایش کم­تر از حد سمیت بود و تغییرات غلظت Ni و Cd ناچیز بود. تیمار پساب باعث افزایش معنی‌دار نسبت کربن میکروبی به آلی، تنفس و زیست توده میکروبی نسبت به شاهد شد. ضریب متابولیکی در نمونه‌های آبیاری با پساب نسبت به شاهد کاهش معنی‌داری داشت. نتایج نشان می‌دهد آبیاری با پساب به‌طور کلی اثرات سوئی نداشت و باعث بهبود ویژگی­های گفته شده در خاک گردید، ولی به علت ورودی‌های متفاوت پساب به رودخانه تغییر در فعالیت‌های زیستی و شیمیایی در طول مسیر متفاوت بود.

کلیدواژه‌ها


عنوان مقاله [English]

Effects of Long-Term Irrigation with Treated Wastewater of Parkand Abad Refinery on Some Soil Chemical and Biological Properties

نویسندگان [English]

  • Saman Hajinamaki 1
  • Hojat Emami 2
  • Amir Fotovat 2
  • Gholam Hossein Haghnia 3
1 M.Sc. Student, Department of Soil Science, Agriculture College of Ferdowsi University of Mashhad, Respectively., Mashhad., Iran
2 Associate Professor, Department of Soil Science, Agriculture College of Ferdowsi University of Mashhad, Respectively., Mashhad., Iran
3 Professor, Department of Soil Science, Agriculture College of Ferdowsi University of Mashhad., Mashhad., Iran
چکیده [English]

Reusing of treated waste water (TWW) for agricultural irrigation is one of the common management strategies for dealing with water deficit in arid and semi-arid regions. The aim of this study was to investigate the effects of irrigation with TWW for ten years on some chemical and biological properties of irrigated soils in surrounding land of Kashafrud River located in Mashhad (Iran). The soil samples were collected from 8 points and 3 replications at intervals of 1 Km from surrounding lands of river. Also the soil sample that irrigated with underground water and had the same agricultural management practices was selected as control. The results showed that irrigation with TWW increased the soil pH and electrical conductivity (EC) in comparison to the control. Also, the TWW increased the concentration of zinc (Zn), iron (Fe), and lead (Pb), so that they were less than toxicity limits and the concentration changes of cadmium (Cd) and nickel (Ni) in soil due to TWW was negligible. Application of TWW significantly increased the ratio of Cmic/Corg, respiratory activity and microbial biomass in comparison to the control. The metabolic coefficient (qCO2) values of irrigated soil samples with TWW were significantly less than that of control. The results of this research demonstrated that the irrigation with TWW did not only have adverse effects on soil properties and it also improved them. Furthermore, due to the different entrances of waste water into river, the soil chemical and biological properties were various in different points. 

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • heavy metals
  • Microbial biomass
  • Parkand Abad refinery
  • Waste water
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