اثرات برهمکنش ورمی‌کمپوست و کم‌آبیاری بخشی ریشه بر میزان مصرف آب، عناصر غذایی پر‌مصرف و کم‌مصرف در گیاه ذرت

نویسندگان

1 دانشجوی دکتری آبیاری و زهکشی دانشگاه علوم کشاورزی و منابع طبیعی ساری

2 مهندسی آب دانشگاه علوم کشاورزی ساری

3 استاد گروه مهندسی آب دانشگاه علوم کشاورزی و منابع طبیعی ساری

4 دانشیار گروه مهندسی آب، دانشگاه زابل، زابل، ایران

چکیده

این پژوهش با هدف کاهش هم‌زمان مصرف آب و کودهای شیمیایی و بهبود جذب عناصر غذایی در گیاه ذرت طی دو فصل زراعی سال­های 1393 و 1394 در مزرعه پژوهشی دانشگاه علوم کشاورزی و منابع طبیعی ساری صورت گرفت. تیمارهای آزمایش شامل تیمارهای آبیاری به‌عنوان عامل اصلی (آبیاری کامل (FI)، کم‌آبیاری تنظیم­شده (PRD65) و کم‌آبیاری بخشی ریشه در سطح 65 درصد (PRD65)) و تیمارهای کوددهی به‌عنوان عامل فرعی (شامل 100 درصد کود شیمیایی (T1)، 50 درصد کود شیمیایی+ 5/5 تن ورمی‌کمپوست در هکتار (T2) و 11 تن ورمی‌کمپوست در هکتار (T3)) بود. نتایج نشان داد اعمال هم‌زمان PRD و تیمارهای کودی شامل ورمی‌کمپوست باعث صرفه‌جویی بیش­تر در مصرف آب شد. تأثیر تیمارهای آبیاری بر تجمع عناصر غذایی نیتروژن، فسفر، پتاسیم، آهن، منگنز و روی معنی‌دار ولی بر تجمع مس معنی­دار نشد. تأثیر تیمارهای کودی بر تجمع عناصر غذایی نیتروژن، فسفر، آهن، مس، منگنز و روی معنی‌دار ولی بر تجمع پتاسیم معنی‌دار نشد. اختلاف معنی‌داری بین تیمار PRD و تیمارکودی T2 با تیمار FI و تیمارکودی T2 از نظر تجمع عناصر غذایی و عملکرد مشاهده نشد. لذا در مجموع می‌توان اعمال تیمار کم‌آبیاری بخشی ریشه همراه با استفاده تلفیقی کود ورمی‌کمپوست+کود شیمایی را در راستای دستیابی به کشاورزی پایدار توصیه نمود.

کلیدواژه‌ها


عنوان مقاله [English]

The Interaction Effects of Vermicompost and Partial Root Zone Drying on Water Consumption, Macro and Micro Nutrients of Maize

نویسندگان [English]

  • sohrab . Azizpour 1
  • Ali Shahnazari 2
  • mirkhalegh Ziatabar Ahmadi 3
  • Fatemeh Karandish 4
1 PhD student of Irrigation and Drainage, Sari Agricultural Sciences and Natural Resources University
2 Sanru
3 Professor, Department of Irrigation, Sari Agricultural Sciences and Natural Resources University
4 Assistant Professor, Water Engineering Department, University of Zabol., Zabol., Iran
چکیده [English]

In order to reduce water and chemical fertilizer consumption and improved nutrient uptake in a maize field in Sari Agricultural Sciences and Natural Resources University this research were carried out during years 2015 to 2016. Main plot consisted of irrigation treatment (Full irrigation (FI), deficit irrigation (DI) and partial root zone drying irrigation (PRD)). Sub plot consisted of fertilizer treatment (chemical fertilizer (T1), 50% chemical fertilizer+ 5.5 tons per ha of vermicompost (T2) and 11 tons per ha of vermicompost (T3)). The result showed that the simultaneous application of PRD and vermicompost save more water. The effect of irrigation treatment on N, P, K, Fe, Zn and Mn was significant but no significant on Cu. The effect of fertilizer treatment on N, P, Fe, Cu, Zn and Mn was significant but no significant on K. There was no significant effect between PRD and T2 treatment with FI and T2 treatment on concentrations of nutrients and yield. Therefore, simultaneous use of partial root zone drying with vermicompost in combination with chemical fertilizers is recommended to achieve sustainable agriculture.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • Drough stress
  • Organic Matter
  • Chemical fertilizer
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