عنوان مقاله [English]
Undoubtedly, manufacturing and exploiting civil projects such as dams and irrigation and drainage networks have inevitable and unexpected negative effects on the environment and economic and social grounds of a region. Accordingly, in this study, the researcher explores the social effects of irrigation and drainage networks of Kavoshan dam followed by the analysis of users` satisfaction level from these networks.
Firstly,it was necessary to compare development level of social indicators in the villages under the coverage of drainage and irrigation network of Gavoshan dam and the results showed that village Cheshmeh Kaboud has the highest rate of exploitation from social indicators to use irrigation and drainage networks among 6 villages followed byGoharChegha,Gandab, Siahchegha,Jelogireh and Khoshinanolia.Based on the evidence collected,88% of beneficiaries stated that they benefited from irrigation and drainage networks and 12% did not benefit from these networks.
The results of investigating the villagers` exploitation from the benefits of using irrigation and drainage networks show that in the importance of priority, increasing revenue through agriculture is one the benefits from the irrigation and drainage networks for 81.3% of the villagers.
On the other hand, the results of villagers` experiencing the harms of using irrigation and drainage networks show that in the importance of priority , increase of conflict and dispute overed 28% of beneficiaries while others were spared of this harm.