عنوان مقاله [English]
Due to the scarcity of water and the growing demand for water resources, the use of wastewater is necessary. Therefore, there are numerous regional investigations in the field of wastewater use and the effect of irrigation with it is of great importance. In this study, the effect of industrial waste water on the chemical properties of soil under cultivation of barley in Torbat-Heydarieh was studied. For this purpose, a factorial experiment with a randomized complete block design with four replications (R) was carried out in a field experiment. The treatments in this study were three treatments: well water (T1), sugar plant wastewater (T2), water and wastewater (87.5% water and 12.5% wastewater) (T3) combination with two full irrigation levels (L1) and 75% water stress (L2). The results showed that water stress and type of irrigation water had a significant effect on potassium, phosphorus, total nitrogen and salinity at 1% probability level and on acidity at 5% probability level. The highest amount of potassium, phosphorus, total nitrogen, salinity and acidity in T2L2 treatment, the lowest amount of potassium, phosphorus and total nitrogen in T3L1 treatment and the lowest acidity in T2L1 treatment with 7.2 was observed. The overall result of the research is that the irrigation with the sugarcane factory sewage in a water stress condition not only has no adverse effects on the chemical properties of the soils of the studied areas, but because of the positive effects, it is recommended to irrigate the barley grazing area with this water resource.
Abedi-Kouhpaei, M., Afiouni, J., Mousawi, F., Mostafazadeh, B and Bagheri, M. 2005. The effect of sprinkler and surface irrigation with treated wastewater on soil salinity. Water and wastewater journal, 45: 2-12. (In Persian)
Agh-Barati, A., Hoseini, S. M., Esmaili, A and Maralian, H. 2009. Irrigation effect with urban wastewater treatment on physical and chemical properties of soil, the accumulation of nutrients and cadmium in olive trees. Environmental science journal. 6: 1-10.
Aiello, R., Cirelli, G. L and Consoli, S. 2007. Effects of reclaimed wastewater irrigation on soil and tomato fruits: A case study in Sicily (Italy). Agricultural water management, 93(1– 2): 65-72.
Cregan, P. 2006. The Acid Soil Problem Defined. New South Wales Department of Agriculture.
Farmanifard, M., Ghamarnia, H., Pirsaheb, M and Fatahi, N. 2017. Effect of long-term irrigation with refined urban wastewater from Kermanshah on some physical properties of soil. Water Research in agriculture. 31(3): 493-508. (In Persian)
Khodadadi, N., Ghorbani Dashtaki, Sh and Kiani, Sh. 2015. Effect of irrigation water quality on some physical properties of soil in rice cultivated land. Journal of Soil and Water Resources Conservation. 4(3): 15-28. (In Persian)
Haj-Rasouliha, Sh., Amini, H., Houdji, M and Najafi, P. 2006. Biodetection of air and soil pollution in Esfahan region. Journal of research in agricultural science. 2: 39-54. (In Persian)
Hasan, H. I., Anwar, M., Battikhi, M and Qrunfleh, M.2015. Impacts of Treated Wastewater Reuse on Some Soil Properties and Production of Gladiolus Communis. Jordan Journal of Agriculture Science. 11(4): 1103-1118.
Hanifehlou, A and Moazed, H. 2007. Effects of Ahwaz treated municipal wastewater application on hydraulic characteristics of soil. Journal of Agricultural Engineering Research, 8(2): 47-62. (In Persian)
Hassanoghli, A. 2004. Use of raw and treated domestic wastewater for irrigation of agricultural crops. Final research report, Agricultural Engineering Research Institute (AERI). 83: 806, 231 pages.
Heidarpour, M., Mostafazadeh-Fard, B., Abedi-Koupai, J and Malekian, R. 2007. The effects of treated wastewater on soil chemical properties using subsurface and surface irrigation methods. Agricultural Water Management. 90(1- 2): 87-94.
Hosinpour, A., Haghnia, Q. H., Alizadeh, A and Fotowwat, A. 2007. The irrigation effect of raw and refined sewage on soil chemical properties in various depths in both continuous and alternative conditions. Irrigation and drainage journal. 1(2): 73-85.
Jalali, M., Merikhpour, H., Kaledhonkar, M J and Vander-Zee, S. E. A. T. M. 2008. Effects of wastewater irrigation on soil sodicity and nutrient leaching in calcareous soils. Agriculture and Water Management. 95: 143-153.
Karimzadeh, M., Alizadeh, A and Mohammadi-Aria, M. 2012. The effects of irrigation with wastewater on soil saturation hydraulics conductivity. Water and soil journal, 6: 1547-1553.
Rezapour, S., Samadi, A and Khodaverdiloo, H. 2012. Impact of long-term wastewater irrigation on variability of soil attributes along a landscape, semi-arid region of Iran. Environmental Earth Sciences, 67: 1713–1723.
Schacht, K., Marschner, B. 2015. Treated wastewater irrigation effects on soil hydraulic conductivity and aggregate stability of loamy soils in Israel. Journal of Hydrology and Hydromechanic. 63(1): 47–54. DOI: 10.1515/johh-2015-0010.
Schumann, B. 2007. The causes of soil acidity. New South Wales Acid Soil Action Program.
Sharma, R., Agrawal, M and Marshall, F. 1999. Heavy metal contamination of soil andvegetables in suburban areas of Varanasi, India. Ecotoxicology and Environmental Safety. 66: 258-266.
Selivanovskaya, Syu., Latypova, V. Z., Kiyamova, S N and Alimova, F. K. 2001. Use of microbial parameters to assess treatment methods of municipal sewage sludge applied to grey forest soils of Tatarstan. Agriculture, Ecosystems and Environment. 86: 145-153.
Xu, J., Wu, L., Chang, A C and Zhang, Y. 2010. Impact of long-term reclaimed wastewater irrigation on agricultural soils: A preliminary assessment. Journal of Hazardous Materials. 183(1-3): 780-786.
Yazdani, V., Ghahrwman, B., Davari, K and Fazeli, E. 2014. Effect of wastewater on physical and chemicall properties of soil. Environmental Science and Technology. 16: 473-485.